A Transfer Agreement Is

Traditional methods of scientific publication require a full and exclusive transfer of copyright from authors to publishers, typically a prerequisite for publication. [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] This process transfers control and ownership of the dissemination and reproduction of authors to publishers as multipliers, the latter being then able to monetize the process. [23] The transfer and ownership of copyright is a delicate area of tension between the protection of authors` rights and the financial and reputational interests of publishers and institutes. [24] When publishing Open Access, authors generally retain copyright in their work, and articles and other editions obtain a large number of licenses depending on the type. This is a fundamental divergence between the purpose of copyright (i.e. to give an author/creator the full choice beyond the dissemination of works) and its application, as authors lose these rights during the transfer of copyright. These fundamental conceptual violations are underscored by the popular use of sites such as ResearchGate and Sci-Hub for illegal file sharing by academics and the general public. [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] In fact, a widespread and unrestricted transfer helps to advance science faster than Paywall`s articles, so the transfer of copyright does a fundamental disservice to the entire research enterprise. [37] It is also highly counterintuitive that learned societies, such as the American Psychological Association, actively monitor and remove copyrighted content they publish on behalf of authors,[Note 3] as this is not considered in the best interests of authors or the reuse of published research and is a sign that the copyright transfer system is counterproductive (because the original authors of any control do not include it.

are not included. e on the rights and rights of his own works). The timing of the rights transfer process is in itself problematic for several reasons. First, the transfer of copyright, usually related to publication, means that it is rarely freely transferred or acquired without pressure. [25] Second, it becomes very difficult for an author not to sign a copyright transfer agreement, as the publication is related to the advancement of his career (publication or inheriting/printing of publication) and the time that can be lost if the revision and publication process needs to be restarted. There are power dynamics that do not benefit authors and that often jeopardize certain academic freedoms. [26] This could partly explain why authors of scientific research, unlike all other sectors where original creators receive fees or royalties, generally receive no payment from publishers. This also explains why many authors seem to continue to sign their rights, while not agreeing with the justification for these rights. [27] Critics therefore argue[28] that copyright in scientific research is largely ineffective in its proposed use, but that it has often been wrongly acquired and is virtually contrary to its fundamental objective of contributing to the protection of authors and the pursuit of scientific research. Plan S requires authors and their respective institutes to retain copyright in articles without transferring them to publishers; something that is also supported by OA2020.

[Note 4] The researchers could not find evidence that the transfer of copyright is necessary for publication or, in all cases, where a publishing house has exercised copyright in the best interests of the authors. While one argument for publishers in favor of transferring copyright might be that it allows them to defend authors against copyright infringement,[Note 5] Publishers can assume this responsibility even if the copyright remains with the author, as is the policy of the Royal Society. [Note 6] Copyright transfer agreements are usually established by the publisher, and some print magazines contain a copy of the statement in each issue they publish. [44] If the authors want to deviate from the default wording – for example. B if they want to retain the copyright or not grant the publisher an exclusive right of publication – they can define the desired changes either by editing the document directly or attaching a supplement to it to a copy of the standard version. . . .