Un Arms Agreement

According to Amnesty International, more than 500 people die every day from gun violence, 44% of all murders worldwide are firearms, and more than one million gun-related deaths were recorded worldwide between 2012 and 2016. On the other hand, military spending is increasing. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the United States remains the world`s largest arms exporter and 13th largest importer (with Saudi Arabia in first place), with a total expenditure of $6.5 billion in 2018. This is more than 120 times the UN budget for the period 2018-2019. Regulate the parts and components for which exports are made in a form that allows the assembly of conventional weapons under Article 2.1. The roots of the current Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) date back to the late 1980s, when civil society actors and Nobel Peace Prize laureates expressed concern about the unregulated nature of the global arms trade and its impact on human security. [10] After years of informal discussions and increasing pressure from civil society, the UN N.A. has launched a process to negotiate the world`s first international agreement regulating the legal arms trade, filling this important gap in international law. This process has been long and complicated, as has most multilateral processes at United Nations N. It included, in 2008, the creation of a group of government experts (GGE) to examine the feasibility, scope and design of parameters for a comprehensive and legally binding instrument establishing common international standards for the importation, export and transfer of conventional weapons. In 2009, a full-time Working Group of the General Assembly was established to review the GEGE report and the recommendation of an international instrument in this area.

It was then decided to establish a preparatory committee that held two meetings in 2010 and 2011, followed by the UN Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty held in 2012. Then, the last UN conference on the Arms Trade Treaty was convened in 2013, as no agreement could be reached the previous year. Current restrictions on small arms include the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCCC) and the United Nations Action Programme (POA). It requires states to monitor their arms exports and ensure that their arms sales do not violate existing arms embargoes. The United Nations system, which is committed to improving lives and livelihoods around the world, is directly confronted with the consequences of the lack of lax regulation or controls on the arms trade. Most of the suffering are civilian populations who are held hostage in situations of armed violence in situations of crime and conflict, often in conditions of extreme poverty, disadvantage and inequality, where they too often overdo the misuse of weapons by the armed forces and state security forces. non-state armed groups and organized criminal groups.

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